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What is it and what are the symptoms?

Corns are areas of hard, thickened skin that develop when the skin is exposed to excessive pressure or friction. They often can cause pain and discomfort when walking.

The hard skin presents itself as an inverted small circle of thick skin or a ‘’cone’. This ‘’cone’’ pushes into the skin and causes pain and discomfort.

There are various types of corn:

  • Hard Corns (heloma durum) These are often found on the soles of the feet or on the tips and front of the toes.
  • Soft Corns (helomamolle) These are often found between the toes.
  • Seed Corns (helomamillaire) which are smaller and found on the soles of the feet.

What causes them?

People often get them if they’ve been wearing badly fitting shoes or spend a lot of time standing during the day. Corns often occur on bony feet as there’s a lack of natural cushioning. They can also develop as a symptom of another foot problem, such as a bunion (a bony swelling at the base of the big toe) or hammer toe (where the toe is bent at the middle joint), both causing increased pressure.

What is the treatment?

The affected areas are pared with a scalpel to remove thickened skin. Padding or toe separators may be recommended to reduce and relieve any pressure to the affected areas. It is important to not cut the hard skin areas at home. It is important to remember that corns on feet will not get better unless the cause of the pressure is removed.

Assessment and treatment

Contact the team for a consultation for assessment and treatment of corns.